The culmination of four years of work, this reference manual is available on USB stick, direct download to computer or Android device, or as a standalone PDF. This manual supersedes version 2 (The Flying-fox Manual 2009) with a whole new look, including centred layout, simplified colour scheme, bigger sharper photos, and far easier navigation - including a much-requested new search function. It is available to bat carers, vets, researchers and anyone interested in the welfare and care of these amazing forest pollinators. The manual is divided into seven main sections - briefly outlined below - which expand into 312 sub-sections; with the printed equivalent of 1707 A4 pages. It will be updated continually via a low-cost subscription service, with easy instructions on how to download updates to overwrite your manual. A PDF sample of each section is available below. Producing this manual would have been impossible without collaboration, and I am indebted to over 70 contributors who supplied their photos, expertise, suggestions and feedback - including a core group of highly experienced carers and vets who helped edit multiple sections. You know who you are and I thank you.

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Welcome to the manual: photo © Dave Pinson

This section covers the home pages of the manual, including title page, main menu, a full list of contents and a contact and feedback page. 

A full list of contents included in this manual is here

New pages in the list are marked with [ N ]



An adult Flying-fox in care: photo © Dave Pinson

This section is divided into 35 pages within 5 sub-sections (coming into care, stabilising, housing & feeding, releasing adults and permanent care). Specific pages include topics such as rescue kit, specific rescue scenarios, examination & triage, stress management, feeding, caging solutions, managing pregnant & lactating mothers, preparing for release, soft & hard release and permanent care.



A juvenile in a bat jacket: photo © Dave Pinson

This section is divided into 20 pages within 7 sub-sections (appendices, banding chipping collars & jackets, ethics objectivity & euthanasia, forms & records, legalities, mass disasters and references & further information). Specific pages include topics such as bat banding, bat jackets, E-collars, incident reporting forms, a medical chart, codes of practice, safe netting, food trees, a glossary of terms and further reading.



Little reds in camp: photo © Paislie Hadley

This section of the manual is divided into 28 pages within 5 sub-sections (introduction, species, biology & ecology, public health and introduction to flying-fox care). Specific pages include topics such as acknowledgements, updates, flying-foxes in Australia, species profiles, anatomy, reproduction & life cycle, ecological significance, ABLV vaccinations, bat handling guidelines and principles of care.



A 9-week old Spectacled pup: photo © Dave Pinson

This section is divided into 52 pages within 6 sub-sections (coming into care, stabilising, hand-rearing orphans, development, releasing juveniles and other baby stuff). Specific pages include topics such as why they come into care, rescue kit, age evaluation, housing, temperature management, milk formulas & charts, feeding, introducing fruit, stages of development, premature babies and crèche & release.



Grey adult with abrasions: photo © Dave Pinson

This large section is divided into 160 pages within 5 sub-sections (introduction & guidelines, conditions injuries and treatment, drugs & dosage, case histories and other). Specific pages include topics such as using your vet, medical guidelines, viability assessment, wound healing, pain management, a complete A-Z of conditions, diseases, infections, injuries and parasites, dose charts and case histories.



Northern Blossom Bat: photo © Bruce Thomson

This section on blossom & tube-nosed bats is divided into 13 pages within 4 sub-sections (the little guys - an introduction, rescuing & stabilising, babies in care and adults in care). Specific pages include topics such as species profiles of blossom & tube-nosed bats, rescue and first aid, stabilising, housing for babies, raising orphans, releasing orphans, housing adults, care & feeding of adults and releasing.


Little reds flying out on the Daintree River: photo © David White

I would like to acknowledge the Eastern Kuku Yalanji people who are the Traditional Custodians of the land where I live and wrote this manual. I would also like to pay respect to the Elders both past and present, and extend that respect to other Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people present.